carbohydrates

The Ruff Degradation and Kiliani-Fischer Synthesis

The Ruff Degradation and Kiliani-Fischer Synthesis

October 29, 2018

The cyanide ion (CN–) can be a very useful tool for extending carbon chains by a single carbon. A familiar example is the reaction of cyanide ion with primary alkyl halides in a nucleophilic substitution reaction (S…

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The Big Damn Post Of Sugar Nomenclature

The Big Damn Post Of Sugar Nomenclature

February 19, 2018

There’s a lot of sugar nomenclature to know! This post aims to collect the most commonly encountered terms in a typical second-semester organic chemistry course. This reference document from IUPAC was extremely …

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Pyranoses and Furanoses: Ring-Chain Tautomerism In Sugars

Pyranoses and Furanoses: Ring-Chain Tautomerism In Sugars

July 13, 2017

The Many Forms Of Glucose What’s the structure of glucose? A simple question! but one with many “right” answers. The first question to ask, which we covered in our recent post on D- and L- sugars,…

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