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Reducing Sugars

What’s a reducing sugar, and why is it important? Here’s a quick summary. Full details in the post below. Table of Contents Before We Talk

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Grignard Reactions And Synthesis (2)

More Grignard Practice Problems, This Time Incorporating Oxidation Here’s the summary for today’s post on synthesis incorporating Grignard reagents and oxidants. Converting an aldehyde into

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Demystifying Alcohol Oxidations

Alcohol Oxidation Mechanisms, Demystified Today’s post in a nutshell: many oxidations of alcohols might seem a little mysterious, but essentially proceed through a glorified E2

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Calculating the oxidation state of a carbon

Try applying the rules for calculating oxidation states to carbon.

It’s going to feel a little bit weird. Why? Because there are two key differences.

First, carbon is often more electronegative (2.5) than some of the atoms it’s bound to (such as H, 2.2). So what do you do in this case?
Secondly, unlike metal-metal bonds, carbon-carbon bonds are ubiquitous. So how do you deal with them?

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Oxidation and Reduction in Organic Chemistry

Iron smelting!  Photo credit: http://sclowcountryoutdoors.blogspot.com/2011/02/iron-smelting-at-acba.html In the beginning, the term actually made sense. When the alchemists and medieval metallurgists started doing experiments to quantify exactly how

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Alkene Reactions: Ozonolysis

Ozonolysis of Alkenes Today’s post represents not so much a pattern in alkene reactions, so much as it does a very common reaction that bears mentioning

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Reagent Friday: Sodium Periodate

In a blatant plug for the Reagent Guide and the Reagents App for iPhone, each Friday  I profile a different reagent that is commonly encountered in Org 1/ Org

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Reagent Friday: Ozone (O3)

In a blatant plug for the Reagent Guide and the Reagents App for iPhone, each Friday  I profile a different reagent that is commonly encountered in Org 1/

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