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reduction

Reductive Amination

OK – so making amines through direct alkylation is generally not a great way to go. You could even say it’s crappy. So what’s the

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Calculating the oxidation state of a carbon

Try applying the rules for calculating oxidation states to carbon.

It’s going to feel a little bit weird. Why? Because there are two key differences.

First, carbon is often more electronegative (2.5) than some of the atoms it’s bound to (such as H, 2.2). So what do you do in this case?
Secondly, unlike metal-metal bonds, carbon-carbon bonds are ubiquitous. So how do you deal with them?

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Oxidation and Reduction in Organic Chemistry

Iron smelting!  Photo credit: http://sclowcountryoutdoors.blogspot.com/2011/02/iron-smelting-at-acba.html In the beginning, the term actually made sense. When the alchemists and medieval metallurgists started doing experiments to quantify exactly how

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Hydroboration of Alkenes

So far in this series on alkenes, we’ve gone through two families of mechanism pathways. In the carbocation pathway, we saw reactions that proceed with

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Reagent Friday: Raney Nickel

In a blatant plug for the Reagent Guide and the Reagents App for iPhone, each Friday  I profile a different reagent that is commonly encountered in Org 1/ Org

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