Spectroscopy Pack PDF
A Condensed Guide to Spectroscopy: The Spectroscopy Pack PDF
- This 15-page printable PDF summarizes all the key concepts you’ll need for spectroscopy topics in a typical introductory organic chemistry course.
- Includes key summaries of NMR, IR, UV-Vis, mass spectrometry and more.
- Full-color, printable PDF file. No physical item will be mailed to you.
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What’s included in the Spectroscopy pack
Index of Unsaturation • UV-Vis Spectroscopy • Mass Spectrometry • Fragmentation Patterns • Introduction to IR Spectroscopy • Analyzing IR Spectra • Introduction to NMR • NMR: How Many Signals • Interpreting NMR Spectra • Chemical Shifts and Integration • Splitting • 13C NMR Spectroscopy • Solving Spectroscopy Problems
- UV-Vis Spectroscopy (free sample download) UV light and the HOMO-LUMO gap – The electromagnetic spectrum – Example of a UV-Vis spectrum – Conjugation length vs. UV absorbance – Why do pi-bonds absorb light? – Effect of conjugation on absorbance – Example of a UV-Vis spectrum – What absorbs at longer wavelength? – Absorption of C-O pi bonds
- Index of Unsaturation – All about calcuating the index of hydrogen deficiency (IHD) or Index of Unsaturation – Hydrocarbons with no rings or multiple bonds – How double bonds and rings affect the hydrogen count – The effect of oxygen – Halogens – The unified equation
- Mass Spectrometry – Key Concepts – Reading a mass spectrum – Exact mass vs molar mass – Notable isotope distributions – How to determine molecular formula from M
- Mass Spectrometry: Fragmentation – Understanding fragmentation – Fragment analysis – Carbocation stability trends – Examples
- Introduction to IR Spectroscopy – Key points about IR – The ball and spring analogy – Vibrational energy levels – Interpreting IR spectra – Notable IR frequencies
- Analyzing IR Spectra – Alcohols – Carboxylic Acids – Amines – Amides – Alkynes – Carbonyls – C-H Stretch region
- Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Introduction – Nuclear spin – Nuclei in a magnetic field – The chemical shift – What’s “ppm” ? – Upfield and downfield
- NMR – How many signals? (1H NMR) – How to figure out “how many signals” questions – Chemical shift equivalence – Equivalence through rotation of the whole molecule – Equivalence through symmetry (mirror planes) – Fast rotation – Stereochemistry – Homotopic protons
- NMR – How many signals? (13-C NMR) – Homotopic, diastereotopic and enantiotopic protons
- 13 C NMR – Comparison to 1H NMR – Chemical shift trends – Splitting in 13C NMR – Decoupled spectra
- NMR – Chemical shifts and Integration – Chemical shift – The role of electron withdrawing groups – Area under the peak is proportional to the number of protons – Dealing with integration curves
Plus – Analyzing NMR spectra – Solving Spectroscopy Problems From ScratchJoin Master Organic Chemistry Membership Today