benzene

The Pi Molecular Orbitals of Benzene

The Pi Molecular Orbitals of Benzene

May 5, 2017

Today, let’s go through how to draw out the molecular orbitals of benzene. We’ll compare them with the molecular orbitals for (linear) hexatriene. The big takeaway is that from contrasting the molecular o…

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Rules For Aromaticity

Rules For Aromaticity

February 23, 2017

In the last post we introduced the concept of aromaticity, a property of some unusually stable organic molecules such as benzene. Although some aromatic molecules are indeed fragrant (hello, vanillin! ) the term &#…

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Introduction To Aromaticity

Introduction To Aromaticity

January 20, 2017

The Highly Anomalous Behavior of “Cyclohexatriene” Scene: a plane full of passengers are flying over the Atlantic ocean. Halfway through the flight, there’s suddenly a loud THUNK from outside t…

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What does 4n+2 mean?

What does 4n+2 mean?

June 29, 2012

The other night a student came to me with a question about aromaticity. “There’s one thing I don’t get”, she said. “They say a molecule has to have 4n+2 electrons. How do you find n?̶…

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Reaction Friday: Friedel Crafts Acylation

Reaction Friday: Friedel Crafts Acylation

March 2, 2012

Today’s Reaction Friday is about the Friedel Crafts acylation of benzene and other aromatics, an important example of electrophilic aromatic substitution. One thing I forgot to say at the bottom is that there…

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