Nitration of aromatic groups

by James

Description: Aromatic groups can be nitrated by the action of nitric acid and an acid catalyst
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{ 3 comments… read them below or add one }

Alexandria Horner

why are there two lone pairs on the top oxygen in the middle figure between step one and two of the mechanism? wasn’t one of the pairs used to grab the additional hydrogen?



Oops. Typo – thanks for pointing it out!


Heesung Shim

In the mechanism , on step one, why the oxygen which has negative charge attack hydrogen first?


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