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Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution (With Negatively Charged Nucleophiles) Yes, there are a lot of reactions of carboxylic acid derivatives to learn! In this article we’ll exploreRead more
Carboxylic acids… are acids. I know that seems obvious. But it’s a near certainty that students taking Org 2 for the first time will forgetRead more
About a month or so ago I had a big revelation as an instructor. Something that I’d been taking for granted, that was right underRead more
Try applying the rules for calculating oxidation states to carbon.
It’s going to feel a little bit weird. Why? Because there are two key differences.
First, carbon is often more electronegative (2.5) than some of the atoms it’s bound to (such as H, 2.2). So what do you do in this case?
Secondly, unlike metal-metal bonds, carbon-carbon bonds are ubiquitous. So how do you deal with them?