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Master Organic Chemistry Reaction Guide

Hydrolysis of nitriles with aqueous acid to give carboxylic acids

Description: Addition of water and acid to a nitrile leads to formation of a carboxylic acid.

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Real-World Examples:

Org. Synth. 1925, 5, 69; Org.

DOI Link: 10.15227/orgsyn.005.0069

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Org. Synth. 1938, 18, 50

DOI Link: 10.15227/orgsyn.018.0050

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Org. Synth. 1931, 11, 96

DOI Link: 10.15227/orgsyn.011.0096

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Org. Synth. 1947, 27, 1

DOI Link: 10.15227/orgsyn.027.0001

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Org. Synth. 1944, 24, 96

DOI Link: 10.15227/orgsyn.024.0096

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Org. Synth. 1952, 32, 92

DOI Link: 10.15227/orgsyn.032.0092

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Comments

Comment section

7 thoughts on “Hydrolysis of nitriles with aqueous acid to give carboxylic acids

  1. Would hydrolysis of nitriles with aqueous acid to give amides first?
    Would nitriles become amides first, then carboxylic acids?

    Thank you very much.

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