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aldehydes

Reducing Sugars

What’s a reducing sugar, and why is it important? Here’s a quick summary. Full details in the post below. Table of Contents Before We Talk

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Reagent Friday: Sodium Periodate

In a blatant plug for the Reagent Guide and the Reagents App for iPhone, each Friday  I profile a different reagent that is commonly encountered in Org 1/ Org

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Oxidation Ladders

Once you get a handle on oxidations and reductions, you might start to notice that with some molecules these reactions can proceed in sequences. For

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On Acetals and Hemiacetals

(Part VI on a series of posts on the reactions of neutral nucleophiles with carbonyl compounds) When I started this series on reaction mechanisms of

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Carbonyls: 10 key concepts (Part 2)

5 more key concepts: Carbonyls make adjacent alkyl groups more acidic, the more electrophilic the carbonyl, the more acidic its alpha protons, carbonyls activate alkenes toward nucleophilic attack, reactivity of alpha beta unsaturated carbonyls is proportional to the stability of its enolate, enolates are nucleophiles.

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