hybridization

Hybrid Orbitals

Hybrid Orbitals

October 10, 2017

Summary of today’s discussion on hybrid orbitals! [Note: This post was co-authored with Matthew Pierce of Organic Chemistry Solutions.  Ask Matt about scheduling an online tutoring session here. ] In the las…

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Review of Atomic Orbitals

Review of Atomic Orbitals

June 7, 2017

[Note: the following article is intended as a quick review on atomic orbitals for students enrolled in an introductory organic chemistry class who are assumed to have taken general chemistry. It is by no means a compl…

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What Factors Destabilize Free Radicals?

What Factors Destabilize Free Radicals?

August 5, 2013

In the last post we talked about several factors that stabilize free radicals. We saw that since free radicals can be considered electron deficient, any factor which results in donation of electrons to a free radical …

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Evaluating Resonance Forms (3): Where to put the negative charge?

Evaluating Resonance Forms (3): Where to put the negative charge?

December 13, 2011

So far in discussing resonance forms I’ve mentioned two important principles: 1. Minimize charges: the resonance form with the fewest charges will be the most stable. 2. How to break π bonds. If you absolutely …

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Sigma bonds come in six varieties: Pi bonds come in one

Sigma bonds come in six varieties: Pi bonds come in one

October 13, 2010

You may recall from Gen chem (and no doubt your first week of o-chem as well), that orbitals on carbon come in two flavors: s and p. s orbitals should be familiar as the spherical-shaped orbitals. The electrons of hy…

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A Key Skill: How to Calculate Formal Charge

A Key Skill: How to Calculate Formal Charge

September 24, 2010

Hey! Welcome to Master Organic Chemistry, just in case you’re a first time visitor.  In this blog post I explain how to calculate formal charge for molecules.  However, you might find my videos containing 10…

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Five Key Factors That Influence Acidity

Five Key Factors That Influence Acidity

September 22, 2010

I’ve written in schoolmarmish tones before about how pKa is one of the most important measures you can learn in organic chemistry, and not knowing some basic pKa values  before an exam is a lot like walking up …

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